Sinus tumours are rare, but pose difficulty as their symptoms often mimic those of common sinus conditions such as sinusitis. Tumours are often benign, and can include inverting papilloma, osteomas and those arising from glandular elements in the nose. The proximity to important structures such as the eye and base of brain, as well as a propensity to transform to cancer dictate how these benign growths are managed.
Malignant sinus tumours are thankfully rare, but can act aggressively. Patients with exposure to industrial chemicals, woodwork and smoking can be at increased risk. Tumours can include SCC, adenocarcinoma, melanoma and others. Biopsy will confirm the tumour pathology and a team approach including medical and radiation oncologists and your ENT surgeon is needed.
Symptoms can include:
- nose bleeding
- nasal obstruction
- facial pain or pressure
- double vision
- numbness of the face
It is important to discuss any of the above with your doctor, especially if symptoms come on quickly, or fail to improve with initial treatment.